First Aid For Heart Attack

First Aid For Heart Attack

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None of us knows when he can have a heart attack. So this is good to know, just in case…

A heart attack is a medical emergency. Call 911 or your local emergency number if you think you or someone else is having a heart attack.

Many heart attack patients die before they reach a hospital. The sooner the person gets to the emergency room, the better the chance of survival. Prompt medical treatment reduces the amount of heart damage.

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Causes

Heart attack may occurs when the blood flow that carries oxygen to the heart is blocked. The heart muscle becomes starved for oxygen and begins to die.

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Symptoms

Heart attack can vary from person to person. They may be mild or severe. Women, older adults, and people with diabetes are more likely to have subtle or unusual symptoms.

Symptoms in adults may include:

  • Changes in mental status, especially in older adults
  • Chest pain that feels like pressure, squeezing, or fullness. The pain is usually in the center of the chest. It may also be felt in the jaw, shoulder, arms, back, and stomach. It can last for more than a few minutes, or come and go.
  • Cold sweat
  • Light-headedness
  • Nausea (more common in women)
  • Numbness, aching, or tingling in the arm (usually the left arm, but the right arm may be affected alone, or along with the left)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weakness or fatigue, especially in older adults and in women

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First Aid

If someone is having a heart attack:

  • Have the person sit down, rest, and try to keep calm.
  • Loosen any tight clothing.
  • Ask if the person takes any chest pain medication, such as nitroglycerin, for a known heart condition, and help them take it.
  • If the pain does not go away promptly with rest or within 3 minutes of taking nitroglycerin, call for emergency medical help.
  • If the person is unconscious and unresponsive, call 911 (or your local emergency number), then begin CPR.
  • If an infant or child is unconscious and unresponsive, perform 1 minute of CPR, then call 911.

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